Li Junhong (Director of the Department of Addiction and Judicial Psychiatry at Jia Nan Nursing Home, Ministry of Health and Welfare) Adverse childhood experiences, including child abuse (emotional, verbal, physical), neglect (physical, psychological), sexual assault, parents with mental illness, parents with drug and alcohol problems, primary caregiver incarceration, domestic violence witnessing children . Since the brain is in the developmental stage in childhood, when the overload pressure comes, the pressure center (amygdala, hypothalamus, pituitary gland) in the child's brain is forced to face the pressure regulation that cannot be coped with at this age. Pathological changes are produced, and some changes are even permanent.
According to current research, such experiences can cause problems in the development of cranial nerves (decreased brain volume, decreased photo background removing neural connections, faulty or hypersensitized connections to stress systems), abnormalities in gene expression (including gene regulation of immune mechanisms) Over-activation of the system with the brain and adrenaline, which leads to many serious consequences. In addition to mental problems such as depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, and addiction, an overly sensitive stress and immune system can even lead to physical diseases such as asthma, obesity, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and cancer. In recent years, medical research evidence on children's negative experiences has clearly pointed out that this is a problem that the whole society needs to face carefully.
From behavior to health, there will be considerable social costs. "You, are changing your child's genes." Clinically, when I said this sentence, the patient often opened his mouth in surprise, as if he had gone to the wrong scene in a sci-fi movie. Fortunately, there are many health education tools in the United States. Although it is in English, oral translation is still possible. After the explanation, the patient realized that what he had done was so serious. Even, he is also a victim of intergenerational transmission. Domestic violence affects deeper and farther than we think, even to the extent of altering gene expression. Such changes may even affect the next generation through genetics. Domestic violence is far more than physical and mental trauma. Next time, think about it, you are changing your child's genes.